The Andean Condor is found in the Andes mountains and adjacent Pacific coasts. It is the largest flying bird in the world. It has a maximum wingspan of 10 ft 10 inches.
The condor is a vulture, primarily a scavenger that feeds on carrion. It prefers large carcasses like deer or cattle. It prefers relatively open, non-forested areas which allow it to spot carrion from the air.
The condor soars with its wings held horizontally. It does very little flapping while in the air, relying on heat thermals to stay aloft. It prefers to roost on high places where it can launch without major wing-flapping effort.
During courtship, the male approaches the female with his neck outstretched, changing from dull red to bright yellow, and inflates. He reveals his inflate neck and chest patch while hissing. Then he extende his wings and clicks his tongue.
The Andean condor nest consists of a few sticks placed around the eggs for protection. It’s created on inaccessible ledges of rock. On the coasts of Peru the Andean condor uses partially shaded crannies scrapes out against boulders on slopes to roost. The female will usually lay one or two bluish-white eggs weighing just under 10 ounces each. Both parents are responsible for incubation. If the chick or egg is lost or removed, another egg is laid to take its place.
The Andean condor matures slowly. It takes six months before the chicks are able to fly. They continue to roost and hunt with their parents until age two, when they are displaced by a new clutch.