Geography | Peru Unbound

Geography

Peru is located in the west of South America. It shares borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile. It has sovereignty over 1,285,215 km2 of land and 200 nautical miles of the Pacific Ocean, as well as 60 million hectares of the Antarctic.

Peru is the third largest country in South America and one of the 20 largest countries in the world.

The Andes run the full length of the country, rising to almost 23,000 feet. The mountains separate the arid coastal strip from the lush Amazon rainforest. This provides a diverse range of travel experiences.

 

ECOLOGICAL & REGIONAL ZONES

Peru is an extremely diverse country, with 11 ecological regions and 84 of the world’s 117 different types of “life zones.” It has a huge variety of natural resources and scenery.

The country has three regional zones: the coast, the mountains, and the jungle. Peru Unbound offers a wide variety of options. Choose from our selection of Peruvian Adventure Tours that best appeals to you. Contact us at info@unbound.travel or (800) 214-0579.

The coast runs alongside the Pacific Ocean. Fertile valleys spring from the rivers that flow down from the Andes mountain range. The coast has a warm climate, without extreme heat or cold. It has high humidity and the dense fog can make it feel cold in the winter. In the summer there is very little fog and temperatures reach 85°F. In the north, the coast is hot almost all year round, with a short rainy period in November and December. The central and southern coast has two distinct seasons, winter (April to October) and summer (November to March).

The mountainous region of Peru is where the Andes mountain range dominates the landscape and contains various ecological regions and altitudes. The northern Andes are lower and more humid than the rest, while the central Andes are the tallest and steepest. It is here where you find the country’s highest peak, Huascarán, at 22,000 feet above sea level. The southern Andes are wider, and are also known as the altiplano, or high Andean plateau. The sierra has two seasons: summer (April to October) with sunny days, cold nights and little rain. This is the perfect time to visit. Winter (November to March) is when it rains heavily. During the day, temperatures can reach 75°F, and at night they can fall to 26°F.

The jungle region is located in the east. This is a vast region of plains covered by vegetation in the Amazon River basin, which begins at the confluence of the Marañón and Ucayali rivers. It is Peru’s largest region, and consists of ceja de montaña or “the mountain’s eyebrows,” which is characterized by its cloud forests and lowland jungle. Like the sierra, the jungle has two distinct seasons. From November to March it rains frequently, while from April to October it is fairly dry, making this the ideal time to visit as the rivers subside and the roads are easily accessible. There is high humidity all year round. Occasionally, between May and August, there are cold snaps caused by winds from the extreme south of the continent.